Crochet Lingo

I remember when I was new to crocheting and I came across some new 'crochet lingo' on crochet Facebook pages and crochet blogs... I was so confused!! So many acronyms and terms used that seemed like a whole other language! Well, this is a list I've come up with to save you time and Google searching for terms you might not know. If you have anything to add, let me know!
Terms are in alphabetical order for easy finding.
Also, if you're interested, this post includes an abbreviations chart.

AMIGURUMI- The word is derived from a combination of 2 Japanese words: ami  meaning 'crocheted or knitted', and nuigurumi  meaning 'stuffed doll'. Amigurumi are usually animals, but can be anything from food, to toy cars, etc. Anything can be made into an amigurumi.

BACK LOOP ONLY- Abbreviated in patterns as bloWhen crocheting, the 'default' way of working a stitch is to put your hook through both the front and back loops of the stitch you are working into. When working into the back loop only, you insert your hook into the loop farthest away from you, and continue working your stitch.

CHAIN STITCH- Abbreviated in patterns as chThere are several essential stitches that a beginner crocheter must be familiar with. The chain stitch is the first of these.Most crochet projects begin with chain stitches. Chain stitches typically form the foundation that the rest of the project is built upon.

DOUBLE CROCHET- Abbreviated in patterns as dc; The double crochet is one of the most common crochet stitches and is about twice as tall as a single crochet stitch. This stitch is great for sweaters, shawls, afghans, place-mats, or any number of other home decor items.

FROG/FROGGED- A frog says, "rip-it! rip-it!" and to 'frog' something, simply just means to unravel rows in crochet (and knit) due to an error found in a previous row or because you wanted to redo something in your project.

FRONT LOOP ONLY- Abbreviated in patterns as floWhen crocheting, the 'default' way of working a stitch is to put your hook through both the front and back loops of the stitch you are working into. When working into the front loop only, you insert your hook into the loop closest to you, and continue working your stitch.

HALF DOUBLE CROCHET- Abbreviated in patterns as hdcThe half double crochet stitch falls in between a single crochet stitch and a double crochet stitch in height. It is different than most stitches because instead of working off 2 loops at a time, you draw the yarn through all 3 loops on the hook.

HOTH- Hot Off The Hook

MOTIF- Pronounced MOH-TEEF; A motif is a repeated design and can be square or round. It is worked individually, then sewn or crocheted together to make a larger item like a table runner, an afghan, a pillowcase, etc. The granny square is the most common crocheted motif.

SINGLE CROCHET- Abbreviated in patterns as scMost crochet patterns incorporate the single crochet. It is one of the easiest stitches to master. Once you have learned this stitch, you can use it on its own, or along with other stitches to create a beautiful piece.

SLIP KNOT- This is an important key to crochet because you can not start a project without first making a slip knot.

SLIP STITCH- Abbreviated in patterns as sl stThe slip stitch is a very versatile stitch. It can be used for joining one crocheted element to another (granny squares for a blanket or joining rounds for a hat), or it can be used for decorative stitching known as 'surface crochet'. 

TREBLE CROCHET- Abbreviated in patterns as tr; The treble crochet (also known as the triple crochet) is slightly taller than the double crochet stitch and creates longer openings between stitches, making the fabric very loose.

TURNING CHAIN- A turning chain is one or more chain stitches that you make before you have turned your crocheted work so that you can begin your next row. The purpose of a turning chain is to bring your yarn to the height necessary to work the first stitch of your next row or round. The number of chain stitches you make in the turning chain depends on what the next stitch in the row is because some stitches are taller than others.
{slip stitch = 0 ch, single crochet = 1 ch, half double crochet = 2 ch, double crochet = 3 ch, treble crochet = 4 ch}

UFO- UnFinished Object

WIP(s)- Work(s) In Progress


  1. Just learned this one - HOTH for "hot off the hook.'

    1. Thank you for mentioning that one! I have added it to the list 😘


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